Properties: antispasmodic, sedative astringent, nervine.
Names: Guelder Rose; highbush cranberry, high cranberry, cranberry bush, cranberry tree, European Cranberry Bush, Pembina, Pimbina, whitten tree, snowball tree, squaw bush; King’s Crown;. Red Elder. Rose Elder. Water Elder. May Rose. Whitsun Rose. Dog Rowan Tree. Silver Bells. Whitsun Bosses. Gaitre Berries; Viorne obier, Boule de neige (French); Schneeball (German)
Properties: antispasmodic, sedative astringent, nervine
History: The Meskwaki people of North America took crampbark for cramps and pains throughout the body, while the Penobscot used
it to treat swollen glands and mumps. They were then adapted into many patent remedies sold in 19th-century America. The plant was
known in the 14th century, since Chaucer suggests eating the berries. In Europe, cramp bark has been mostly a Polish and Romanian folk medicine. The name guelder rose probably came from its associations with the Dutch province Gulderland where it was first commercially grown.